High Blood Pressure Treatment in Ridgeland MS – Hypertension Experts
High Blood Pressure Defined
Blood pressure has been defined as the pressure that your blood exerts on the blood vessels or arteries. The arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood to your whole body. As the blood is pushed through the arteries, it puts pressure against your arterial walls, known as blood pressure.
High blood pressure or hypertension occurs when your blood pushes through your arteries at a higher pressure than normal. If it often gets high or stays high for an extended period, health problems can crop up, exposing you to a higher chance of getting heart disease, heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure. Many factors can cause uncontrolled hypertension, and it is imperative that you be aware of what these factors are so you can prevent it in the future.
High blood pressure is further classified into:
- Primary or essential hypertension
This type of high blood pressure is the most prevalent, it typically takes years to manifest, and its exact cause is unknown, but may likely be related to your environment, lifestyle, and how your age changes your body.
- Secondary hypertension
This type results from another health problem such as thyroid or adrenal gland issues, kidney disease, or sleep apnea. Some medications that you are taking, such as birth control pills, antidepressant drugs, or even some pain relievers, can also cause high blood pressure.
Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
Many people do not even know they have high blood pressure as they do not manifest symptoms, earning it the nickname “silent killer.” It would be best if you had your blood pressure monitored regularly.
A few experience headaches, shortness of breath, or nosebleeds, but these symptoms generally occur when the blood pressure is exceedingly high for long periods.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
Food, age, lifestyle, medications, and genetics have all been pinpointed as causative factors in high blood pressure. Your physician can help you determine precisely what is causing yours.
Common causes of high blood pressure include:
- Fat or cholesterol and salt-rich diets
- Long-standing medical conditions such as hormone and kidney problems and diabetes.
- Your parents or other immediate relatives have high blood pressure.
- Non-Hispanic black people were found more likely to develop high blood pressure than others.
- Inactive or sedentary lifestyle
- Old age
- Some medications
- Alcohol and tobacco use
Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure
A standard test for every doctor visit is blood pressure monitoring. The blood pressure monitor has a cuff, a pump, and a meter. The nurse will place the cuff that is attached to the pump and meter around your arm. He or she will then squeeze the pump so that it will tighten slowly, then will stop and check the meter for the 2 numbers that comprise your blood pressure.
The number on top is your systolic reading; this is the peak blood pressure as your heart is pushing the blood out. The number on the bottom is your diastolic reading; this is the pressure exerted as your heart fills with blood). You may hear the nurse say that your blood pressure is 120 over 80, and is written as 120/80.
Normal blood pressure is less than 120 for the top number and less than 80 for the bottom number.
A blood pressure of 120 to 139 systolic and 80 to 89 diastolic is considered as prehypertension levels.
A blood pressure of 140 to 159 systolic and 90-99 diastolic is classified as high blood pressure, stage 1.
A blood pressure of 160 or above systolic and 100 or above diastolic is high blood pressure, stage 2.
You should have your blood pressure checked frequently the higher it goes.
High Blood Pressure Prevention
You can make these lifestyle changes to reduce, if not eliminate, your chances of getting high blood pressure:
- Strive to lose weight.
- Stop smoking.
- Start an exercise routine.
- Eat healthily and limit your salt intake.
- Limit your consumption of alcohol.
- Indulge in relaxation methods such as yoga and meditation.
You can talk to your physician if your high blood pressure is being caused by another disease or any medication you may be taking. You may be able to get a prescription for an alternative, or diagnosis and treatment of any underlying condition that is exacerbating your high blood pressure.
High Blood Pressure Treatment
The best way towards lowering your blood pressure and keeping it at its optimum is to make changes to your lifestyle that will help lower it and lessen your risks of getting heart disease. Your doctor can prescribe antihypertensive medications to manage your blood pressure.
High blood pressure treatment aims to lower your blood pressure to normal levels. A highly effective treatment regimen is where your doctor prescribes a drug that can easily be taken and has few adverse effects.
If your blood pressure can be controlled with medication alone, you need to take that medication for the rest of your life, and it generally involves your doctor prescribing more than one drug. Always consult your doctor before stopping or changing your medicines. Your risk of having a heart attack or stroke may drastically increase otherwise.
Life with High Blood Pressure
Maintaining your high blood pressure at its average level is a lifetime commitment. You have to learn to live with always checking on your weight, keeping active, making healthy food choices, learning to de-stress, avoiding smoking, and limiting your alcohol consumption.
You will also have to get used to monitoring your blood pressure regularly. You may have to visit your doctor more frequently for blood pressure checks, or you may be asked to do blood pressure checks at home and keep a record for your doctor. You may even be asked by your doctor to check your blood pressure more than once a day.
A few clinics and pharmacies have started placing blood pressure machines on site. You can also buy your automated blood pressure cuff to use at home or an ambulatory blood pressure monitor that you can always wear.
There are also a few questions that you can ask your doctor so that you have a more broadened point of view regarding high blood pressure. Those questions may be:
- Can children also suffer from high blood pressure?
- What are the most common unseen sources of salt, and how much salt is too much?
• Can second-hand smoke cause high blood pressure?